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Geography

During Key Stage 1 we challenge and support our children to carry out a number
geographical investigations through the Connected Geography learning programme
which enable them to use and apply basic and appropriate subject vocabulary,
subject tools (including maps, aerial photographs and graphical data and fieldwork
skills) to recognise, identify, describe, observe, reason and begin to explain in simple
terms the interaction of people with their environments.

Through Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) in geography, learning and teaching builds on
the knowledge and understanding, skills and attitudes outcomes at Key Stage 1 and
the pupils make progress through being provided with opportunities to reach
explanations (which means that their understanding is based on the clear use of
evidence e.g. from data they have collected and presented in a graph) and reach
conclusions about topics, places and issues they have studied through the
Connected Geography learning programme. Another important aspect of geography
at Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) is that our pupils begin to be able to see the world
through the perspective of different stakeholders i.e. people and things that have an
interest in or our connected to an issue or place. To this end during Key Stage 2
(Years 3 and 4) we challenge and support our children to undertake geographical
investigations from Connected Geography which enable them to use and apply
appropriate and increasingly specialised subject vocabulary, subject tools (such as
satellite imagery and GIS) and fieldwork skills to recognise, identify, describe,
observe, reason, explain and reach basic conclusions about the interaction of people
with their environments.

At Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) Connected Geography focuses on topics and big
questions that extend the children’s subject skills so that they are able to make
judgements about things they learn both from their own personal perspective and
through empathising with the position of others. In addition opportunities are
provided for the children to evaluate what they have learned and how they have
learned it and to come up with their own questions to investigate. Higher outcomes in
geography also involve children being able to apply what they have learned in one
context to another and to understand concepts as well more discrete areas of
knowledge which they learned and understood e.g. being aware of the fact that a
seaside beach is only one example of how the land meets the sea and that ‘coast’ (a
concept or generalised set of information) refers to anywhere where the land meets
the sea which may be a beach but also could well be a cliff, port, estuary, mud flat or
marsh. To achieve this during Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) we challenge and
support our pupils to undertake Connected Geography investigations which enable
them to use and apply specialised subject vocabulary, subject tools (such as GIS)
and fieldwork skills to recognise, identify, describe, observe, reason, explain, reach
conclusions and make judgements, evaluate, apply and hypothesise about the
interaction of people with their environments.